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Demolition Babri Mosque: A Dark History In Secular India

Demolition Babri Mosque, On 6 December 1992, a large group of Hindu activists belonging to the Vishwa Hindu Parishad and allied organisations operate the Demolition of Babri Mosque. So triggering riots all over the Indian subcontinent, killing around 2,000 people.

The 16th-century Babri Mosque was targeted after a political rally organised by Hindu nationalist organisations turned violent. In the 16th century a Mughal general, Mir Baqi, had built a mosque. This Mosque is known as the Babri Masjid at a site identified by some Hindus as Ram Janmabhoomi. Or the birthplace of Rama.

In the 1980s, the Vishva Hindu Parishad (VHP) began a campaign for the construction of a temple. This campaign is dedicated to Rama at the site, with the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) as its political voice. Several rallies and marches were held as a part of this movement, including the Ram Rath Yatra led by L. K. Advani.

Demolition Babri Mosque, Behind The Scene

In Hinduism, the birthplace of the deity Rama, known as “Ram Janmabhoomi”, is considered a holy site. This site is often believed to be at the place where the Babri Masjid stood. There is a rough scholarly consensus that in 1528, following the Mughal conquest of the region.

A mosque was built at the site by the Mughal general Mir Baqi. And named the “Babri Masjid” after the Mughal emperor Babur. Popular belief holds that Baqi demolished the temple of Rama to build the mosque; the historical basis for the belief is debated.

Indian photojournalist Praveen Jain tells journalist Vaibhav Vats about the events of that day – Demolition Babri Mosque

I had joined The Pioneer newspaper in 1987. For a few years, I had been covering the Ayodhya movement. The right-wing mobilisation in India for the construction of a temple for Lord Ram on the site where Babri Masjid – a 16th-century mosque – stood. I had been to Ayodhya two or three times before the events of December 1992.

On December 4, I reached Ayodhya after being assigned to go there by the legendary editor Vinod Mehta. By December 5, I had a feeling that Babri Masjid was going to be demolished.

During a press conference, we had asked Ashok Singhal. Who is the leader of the right-wing Hindu activist group, Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP), about the organisation’s plans? He merely smiled in a conspiratorial manner and said: “Just wait and watch.”

On December 5, they did a rehearsal near the mosque. No media were allowed; I was the only journalist present. BL Sharma, another leader of the VHP, was a friend of mine whom I had known for years. He told me to meet him that morning, promising to show me something interesting.

The next day, Demolition Babri Mosque.

As we photographed the Demolition Babri Mosque on December 6, VHP workers started breaking our cameras. They had been given instructions to erase all evidence. They were not attacking reporters as much as photographers.

Seeing the attacks on my fellow photographers, I tried to get away. I covered my head with my jacket, which also concealed my cameras from the VHP goons. Everywhere photographers – even big names like Raghu Rai and Pablo Bartholomew – were beaten up. It was a premeditated plan to beat up photographers.

After seeing the pictures, the courts called me to testify. During that time, I faced many threats while attending depositions. Lawyers for the defence would abuse me in the courtroom, attempting to mentally break me down. When I complained about the abuse to the judge, he did not care. It was a humiliation.

BABRI MOSQUE DEMOLITION : A Dark History In Secular India

Conspiracy allegations On Demolition Babri Mosque

In a March 2005 book, former Intelligence Bureau head, Maloy Krishna Dhar claimed that demolition of Babri mosque was planned 10 months in advance by top leaders of the “RSS”, BJP and VHP. And criticised the manner in which the then Prime Minister handled the issue.

Dhar claimed that he was directed to arrange security for a meeting between individuals from the BJP and of the Sangh Parivar. And that the meeting “proved beyond doubt that they (RSS, BJP, VHP) had drawn up the blueprint of the Hindutva assault in the coming months. And choreographed the pralaya nritya (dance of destruction) at Ayodhya in December 1992.

The RSS, BJP, VHP and the Bajrang Dal leaders present in the meeting amply agreed to work in a well-orchestrated manner. ” Claiming that the tapes of the meeting were personally handed over by him to his boss. He asserts that he has no doubts that his boss had shared the contents with the Prime Minister (Rao) and the Home Minister.

The author claimed that there was a silent agreement that Ayodhya offered “a unique opportunity to take the Hindutva wave to the peak for deriving political benefit.

In April 2014, a sting operation by Cobrapost claimed that the demolition was not an act of frenzied mobs. But an act of sabotage planned with so much secrecy that no government agency got wind of it. It further said that the sabotage was planned several months in advance by Vishva Hindu Parishad (VHP) and shiv sena , but not jointly.

Communal violence

The destruction of the Babri Mosque sparked Muslim outrage around the country. Provoking several months of inter-communal rioting in which Hindus and Muslims attacked one another. They are burning and looting homes, shops and places of worship. Several of the BJP leaders were taken into custody, and the VHP was briefly banned by the government.

Despite this, the ensuing riots spread to cities like Mumbai, Surat, Ahmedabad, Kanpur, Delhi, Bhopal and several others. Eventually resulting in over 2000 deaths, mainly Muslim. The Mumbai Riots alone, which occurred in December 1992 and January 1993 and which the Shiv Sena played a big part in organising.

So the death of around 900 people, and estimated property damage of around ₹ 9,000 crores ($3.6 billion). The demolition and the ensuing riots were among the major factors behind the 1993 Mumbai bombings. And many successive riots in the coming decade. more about same as Islamic history of Hagia Sophia (Ayasofya ) Mosque – Converted Back To Mosque

Investigation

On 16 December 1992, the Union home ministry set up the Liberhan Commission to investigate the Babri Mosque Demolition. Headed by retired High Court Judge M. S. Liberhan. After 399 sittings over sixteen years, the Commission submitted its 1,029-page report to Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on 30 June 2009. According to the report, the events of 6 December 1992, in Ayodhya were “neither spontaneous nor unplanned”. 

In March 2015, the Supreme Court of India admitted a petition alleging that, with a BJP government in power. The CBI would not pursue conspiracy charges against senior BJP leaders including L. K. Advani and Rajnath Singh. The Court asked the CBI to explain its delay in filing an appeal. In April 2017, a special Central Bureau of Investigation court framed criminal conspiracy charges against Advani, Murli Manohar Joshi, Uma Bharti, Vinay Katiyar, and several others. In short No Result….!!!

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